Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of industry and

2022-08-12
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Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology of the Ministry of industry and information technology of the people's Republic of China: seek high-quality sustainable development of China's new energy vehicle industry in opening up and cooperation

[hundred people's meeting of electric vehicles] Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology of the Ministry of industry and information technology of the people's Republic of China: seek high-quality sustainable development of China's new energy vehicle industry in opening up and cooperation

on January, the forum of the hundred people's meeting of China (2019) was held at Diaoyutai State Hotel in Beijing, Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology of the people's Republic of China, delivered a keynote speech. The content of the speech is as follows:

respected vice president Wan Gang, director Chen Qingtai, distinguished guests and friends, good afternoon! It gives me great pleasure to participate in the annual forum of the 100 people's Congress of China again at the beginning of the new year. First of all, on behalf of the Ministry of industry and information technology, I would like to extend my warm congratulations on the holding of the forum and take this opportunity to express my heartfelt thanks to friends from all walks of life who have long cared about and supported the development of China's automobile industry

this year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of new China, and is also the key year for the decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. China's economy has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage. The automobile industry is also in the key period of improving quality and efficiency, transformation and upgrading. Today, we are gathered together to discuss the coordinated development of the automobile revolution and transportation, energy and cities, which is of more unusual significance. I'm looking forward to your insights and valuable opinions and suggestions. I also take this opportunity to exchange with you the overall consideration of China's industrial development situation and the next step

first, work closely to jointly promote the sustainable and healthy development of the industry

in the past year, all relevant departments have conscientiously implemented the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee, made concerted efforts, and closely cooperated to jointly promote China's industrial development

(I) strengthen departmental coordination and stimulate market vitality. In 2017, in order to establish a market-based long-term mechanism to promote energy conservation and the development of the automotive industry, the Ministry of industry and information technology, together with the Ministry of finance, the Ministry of Commerce 6 deformation measurement range of 0.2% - 100% F.S, the General Administration of customs, the State Administration of market supervision and other departments, jointly formulated and issued the "parallel management measures for average fuel consumption of passenger vehicle enterprises and new energy vehicle credits", commonly known as the "double credits" management method, which is a major innovation in China's automotive industry. In the process of formulating the "double points" management method, we not only fully learned from international valuable experience, but also widely solicited the opinions of domestic and foreign parties, including the United States and the European Union. 2018 is the first year for the implementation of China's double points management measures. During this year, the five departments cooperated with each other to jointly build a double points system and clarify the rules of points trading, so that the points accounting and trading in 2016 and 2017 were successfully completed. There are 118 passenger cars in this transaction. 3 The tearing speed of the experimental fixture requires the joint participation of vehicle enterprises from 50mm/min to 500mm/min. Among them, 94 domestic production enterprises (including Sino foreign joint ventures) and 24 imported vehicle enterprises have completed 107 points transactions, with a transaction amount of more than 700 million yuan. Driven by the double integral management method, the whole industry pays more attention to the coordinated development of energy-saving traditional vehicles and new energy vehicles. Increased investment in technology research and development, accelerated the speed of vehicle launch, improved product performance and quality, stimulated the vitality of market players, and made market competition more full. The sound development trend of China's new energy vehicle industry has been further consolidated, and the expected goal of the policy has been achieved

(II) layout smart links and promote cross-border integration. China's smart cars have entered a new stage of rapid development. Technological innovation is becoming more active, new applications are booming, and the industrial scale is expanding, bringing about industrial chain reconstruction and cross-border integration. In April, 2018, the Ministry of industry and information technology, together with the Ministry of public security and the Ministry of transport, issued the "specifications for road test management of smart cars (Trial)". Up to now, 11 provinces and cities have issued the detailed rules of the test specifications, and more than 60 test licenses have been issued, which has taken a solid step in the development of intelligent co production industrialization. In July, 2018, witnessed by the Chinese and German prime ministers, the Ministry of industry and information technology, the German Ministry of economy and energy, and the Ministry of transport and digital infrastructure signed the "joint statement of intent on the cooperation in the field of flame retardants 2.0~3.0 for autonomous driving", and held a special event for Sino German smart cars, which displayed the image of Chinese enterprises and promoted the common development of the smart car industry of both sides and even the world. In October, 2018, the Ministry of industry and information technology and the Beijing Municipal People's Government jointly held the world smart car conference, which set up a high-end exchange platform for politics, industry, University and research, and effectively promoted industrial integration and innovative development. In December 2018, the Ministry of industry and information technology released the action plan for the development of the car service (smart car) industry, which strengthened the top-level design and created a new engine for industrial development

(III) pay close attention to quality and safety to ensure stable development. Automobile products are related to the life safety and public safety of the people, especially the automobile is in the initial stage of industrial development, and safety is the basic bottom line and fundamental guarantee for the sustainable development of the industry. Since 2018, safety accidents of new energy vehicles have shown an upward trend. In view of this situation, on the one hand, experts were organized to analyze the causes of the problems in depth. On the whole, the understanding of the internal mechanism and management experience of safety problems in product design, manufacturing and use needs to be deepened. In order to pursue short-term interests, some enterprises have directly introduced products with insufficient verification to the market, and some users' charging operation and maintenance of new energy vehicles are not standardized. With the expansion of promotion scale and the increase of vehicle service life, the safety risk of new energy vehicles cannot be underestimated. On the other hand, the accident investigation mechanism was launched. We interviewed key enterprises at the first time, issued notices twice, organized the industry to carry out safety hazard investigation covering all vehicle models, increased special spot checks on the production consistency of new energy vehicles, and set up an expert group to carry out field investigation in the front line. At the same time, we also accelerated the formulation of mandatory national standards for the safety of electric vehicles, organized the industry to formulate and issue the "safety guidelines for electric vehicles", and took multiple measures to resolutely curb the rising trend of accidents and effectively ensure the steady development of the industry

(IV) deepen opening-up cooperation and promote common development. Looking back on the process of the 40th anniversary of China's reform and opening up, among many industries and industries, China's automobile industry is a pioneer, pioneer and explorer of opening up. Especially since China joined the world trade organization, almost all the major auto enterprises in the world have invested in China. The joint venture and cooperation between Chinese and foreign auto enterprises has not only promoted the development of China's auto industry, but also benefited foreign enterprises investing in China, achieving the win-win effect of cooperation. In order to adapt to the new situation, grasp the new characteristics, and promote the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening-up, the Ministry of industry and information technology organized a symposium on the further opening-up of the automotive industry in early 2018, gathered wisdom, gathered consensus, and systematically planned the work of expanding the opening-up of the automotive industry, providing an important basis for the formulation of relevant policies. The release of the schedule for the liberalization of foreign investment restrictions in the automotive industry and the reduction of automobile import tariffs, including vehicle tariffs and parts tariffs, showed the world the breadth and intensity of China's automotive industry's opening-up. China's automobile industry has also ushered in new development opportunities. Here I would like to reiterate that China's automobile industry has always been and will continue to adhere to the principle of open development. All our policies treat all enterprises investing in China equally, and there are no mandatory technology transfer requirements

second, the industrial development has achieved remarkable results, but it also faces challenges.

in 2018, the automotive industry experienced a market decline due to various factors, but the long-term good development prospects have not changed, especially with the joint efforts of everyone, the development of China's new energy automotive industry still maintained a good momentum

(I) the scale of the industry continues to expand. In 2018, the production and sales of new energy vehicles in China reached 1.27 million and 1.256 million respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 59.9% and 61.7% respectively; Among them, 986000 and 984000 pure electric vehicles were produced and sold, with a year-on-year increase of 47.9% and 50.8% respectively; The production and sales of plug-in hybrid vehicles were 283000 and 271000 respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 122% and 118% respectively. Through structural analysis, it is found that the proportion of plug-in hybrid vehicles in the whole new energy vehicles is increasing. Plug in hybrid electric vehicles can better balance mileage anxiety and the rising cost of pure electric vehicles, improve the efficiency of traditional internal combustion engines and vehicle energy efficiency, and also reduce the use of batteries, vehicle weight and vehicle costs. In the whole cost of electric vehicles, power batteries account for a very high proportion, so this is a development trend that deserves our common attention and research. In particular, some newly developed electric drive platforms use Atkinson engines to generate electricity and match with far fewer battery packs than pure electric vehicles to drive the motor and drive the whole vehicle. This is a trend that is different from the traditional plug-in hybrid power vehicles, which have been put on the market last year, and develops in series mode

(II) the technical level has been steadily improved. By the end of 2018, China's mass-produced power battery unit energy density reached 265wh/kg, and the cost was controlled below 1 yuan/wh, reaching the 2020 goal ahead of schedule. Compared with 2012, the energy density increased by 2.2 times and the cost decreased by 75%. In addition, the battery management system, drive motor and vehicle electronic control system have also made considerable progress, and gradually keep pace with the international advanced level. China's existing permanent magnet synchronous motor products, its maximum number of revolutions reached 16000, although there is still a gap with the international most advanced 18000, but the gap is not large

(III) the competitiveness of enterprises has been significantly enhanced. The product performance and quality of backbone vehicle enterprises have reached a new level. The new pure electric drive platform models represented by SAIC Marvel x, which are being developed, have been launched one after another and have been recognized by users. BYD, Yutong and other enterprises' commercial vehicle products are sold to more than 40 countries and regions around the world

(IV) the supporting environment is improving day by day. The construction of charging network is advancing steadily. By the end of November 2018, nearly 290000 public charging piles and 438000 private charging piles have been built nationwide, and the total number of charging facilities has reached 728000; Local protection activities have been curbed, and the national unified market has basically taken shape; Special license plates are popularized and used throughout the country; Speed up the construction of power battery recycling system. Of course, there are still problems such as uneven distribution of charging facilities and difficulty in entering the community. The maintenance of new energy vehicles and the construction of circulation system also need to be further improved

(V) obvious industrial spillover effect. Industrial development has significantly driven the growth of investment, employment and taxation, and the total investment in the whole industrial chain of new energy vehicles has exceeded 2trillion yuan, which has bred new momentum for future development. The vigorous development of new energy vehicles in China has also effectively led to the accelerated transformation of global mainstream automobile enterprises. For example, Volkswagen, general motors, Toyota and other world-famous traditional automobile enterprises have increased their investment and issued their own new energy vehicle product development plans

(VI) challenges faced by industrial development. While fully affirming the achievements, we should also see how to maintain new capabilities in the context of the gradual withdrawal of financial subsidies and the intensification of market competition

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